The Awesome anti covid (215)   Focus View | Card View

Contagious viruses are everywhere in public places and do not get noticed until we get deadly virus outbreaks. Our immune systems are constantly attacking them every day. Below is the list of consolidated notes learnt from trustworthy authoritative sources. The purpose is to help make you better equipped with actionable knowledge to protect yourself and loved ones. If you like to share this page link, use
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  Name Category
New Treatment for the Coronavirus (COVID-19): Chloroquine -                 Treatments
2019-nCoV Visualizer -                 News
2019-nCoV consolidated world-wide news -                 News
StraitTimes -                 News
ChannelNewsAsia -                 News
Based on current data as of 2019-02-24, SAR-COV-2 triggers serious conditions only to people with respiratory diseases and weak lung conditions due to smoking and working at places with harsh chemicals/dusts.                 Virus Behaviours
nCov Virus Myths -                 Virus Behaviours
2019-nCov Info - SARS-CoV-2 -                 Virus Behaviours
nCov Virus FAQ -                 Virus Behaviours
2019-nCoV Virus infectious rate comparision heat map -                 Virus Behaviours
Based on evidence available in China, an expert from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention has said that the currently known transmission routes of the virus are via respiratory droplets and physical contact -                 Virus Behaviours
Cold, dry air does result in better spread of the flu virus and human coronaviruses, which is why the influenza season typically coincides with winter every year.                 Virus Behaviours
Virus can spread to others even if no symptoms are shown in person with virus.                 Virus Behaviours
Each time spread happens, the virus can be mutated into a stronger variation that lead to easy and rapid infection.                 Virus Behaviours
Breakout period of the novel coronavirus tends to be three weeks - from the onset of symptoms to developing difficulties breathing. Basically, going from mild to severe symptoms takes about a week.                 Virus Behaviours
The biggest assault the virus launches is on a patient's immune system. It causes a fall in the count of lymphocytes, damage to the lungs and shortness of breath.                 Virus Behaviours
If the count of lymphocytes continues to fall, it is dangerous because the virus continues to replicate. Once a patient's immune system is demolished, it is hard to save a patient.                 Virus Behaviours
On how long the virus remains infective on surfaces, he said it can be transmitted so long as it remains moist. (Professor David Heymann of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - )                 Virus Behaviours
If the virus spread to countries with weaker health systems and who lack the capacity to detect and diagnose the virus, the virus can spread to the whole country, turning to nightmares immediately.                 Virus Behaviours
Low temperature and high air humidity further increase virus lifespan which is up to 9 days on surfaces -                 Virus Behaviours
7 Sneaky Viral Strategies that Hack Your Immune System -                 Virus Behaviours
Coronavirus vs. flu—what are the similarities and differences -                 Virus Behaviours
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, myalgia, fatigue, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.                 Symptoms
Absence of fever in 2019-nCoV cases was more frequent than in Sars and Mers infections                 Symptoms
Fever in infected situation may persist more than 3 days and above based on                 Symptoms
Based on case #22 SG nCoV confirmed cases, those with good immune do not show symptoms despite tested positive for the virus.                 Symptoms
Out of 1,000 coronavirus patients in China found that the incubation period for the virus was as long as 24 days rather than the previously believed 14 days, and fewer than half of the patients showed fever symptoms -                 Symptoms
Many patients in serious condition died of choking. Others died of the failure of multiple organs following complications resulting from the collapse of the immune system.                 Symptoms
Airport screenings might not catch everyone infected. That's because the incubation period can last up to 24 days. In addition, fever is just one of the symptoms.                 Knowledge
Pneumonia is an infection in lungs due to viruses or fungi, causing inflammation in the air sacs filled with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe -                 Knowledge
Alcohol doesn’t kill everything—bacterial spores, some protozoa, and certain viruses aren’t affected.                 Knowledge
Smaller particles in sneezing can travel as far as 200 feet away from the person who sneezed. Moreover, those germs can easily travel far enough to find their way into ventilation systems.                 Knowledge
While a facemask may be effective in blocking splashes and large-particle droplets, a facemask, by design, does not filter or block very small particles in the air that may be transmitted by coughs, sneezes or certain medical procedures.                  Knowledge
A mask that is used to stop getting an infection is sometimes not very effective because people take it off to eat, many times they are worn improperly (and) if they get wet and somebody sneezes on that mask it could pass through                 Knowledge
Level of risk with infected person in airplane -                 Knowledge
Respiratory illnesses are transmitted through the air. If it's in closed rooms like office that has no windows, the air may circulate through ventilation systems.                 Knowledge
Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the body's response to an infection. The body normally releases antibody chemicals into the bloodstream to fight an infection.                 Knowledge
Sepsis occurs when the body's response to these chemicals is out of balance, triggering changes that can damage multiple organ systems                 Knowledge
Elderly people with underlying conditions may develop complications; some may need machine-assisted respiration. When the body's other organs start to fail, that's when it becomes severe,                 Knowledge
There are all sorts of mild symptoms: feebleness, shortness of breath, some people have fevers, some don't.                 Knowledge
The second week is what determines whether the illness becomes critical. The third week determines whether critical illness leads to death.                 Knowledge
White blood cells are vital components of the blood. Their role is to fight infection, and they are essential for health and well-being.                 Knowledge
There are several different types of white blood cells, each with varying responsibilities                 Knowledge
If someone who is very sick sneezes or coughs, the viral load could be high.                 Knowledge
If the infection is passed by someone with a mild illness, much like the common cold, the viral load would be low. But if the person getting infected has other medical conditions, he could still get seriously ill even with a low viral load,                 Knowledge
As to whether someone who recovers can get the infection again, it's not clear how long the antibodies last, but there is no lifelong immunity for coronavirus infections.                 Knowledge
Abundance of bacteria in office building - Studies of office building air have detected as many as 106 bacteria per cubic meter, and the constant influx of microbes -                 Knowledge
Hazy weather conditions increase the risk of respiratory infection -                 Knowledge
As used face masks may carry germs involving the coronavirus, they shouldn't be randomly discarded as waste.                 Knowledge
SARS is more fatal; killing as many as 10% of those infected, but is only infectious once symptoms show                 Knowledge
Studies have shown that each of us touches our face once in every two minutes on average, and that's how one gets it,                 Knowledge
Viruses vs. Bacteria -                 Knowledge
Corona Virus Info - - -                 Knowledge
What is a virus? How do viruses work? -                 Knowledge
How A Virus Invades Your Body -                 Knowledge
How pandemics spread -                 Knowledge
What the bacteria on your hands looks like under a microscope -                 Knowledge
Dr. Berg's Opinion on the Coronavirus -                 Knowledge
Why You Can Not Kill a Virus -                 Knowledge
Make Your Immune System Bulletproof -                 Knowledge
What Makes You Immune-compromised? -                 Knowledge
Immediate - if you accidentally happen to breathe in sneezed or cough droplets from an infected person in public who do it just besides you without you having time to escape                 Exposure Time Windows
30-45 minutes - Yong Thai Hang, the Chinese health products shop in Lavender (Feb 5,2020 - Singapore)                 Exposure Time Windows
30-45 minutes - Taxi/Private Hire Drivers (Feb 8,2020 - Singapore)                 Exposure Time Windows
8 - hours - A business meeting at Grand Hyatt Singapore that has been linked to several novel coronavirus cases in South Korea and Malaysia was attended by 109 participants, said the Ministry of Health (MOH) on Wednesday (Feb 5,2020 - Singapore)                 Exposure Time Windows
3-5 days - Five Britons in French ski resort chalet staying together with a man from Singapore (Feb 8, 2020 - France)                 Exposure Time Windows
Infectious Person in Public (Shopping Mall/MRT/Buses/Office...etc) → Coughs/Sneezes → People within 6 feet → Coworkers / Family Members                 Transmission Flows
Infectious People on 14-days of home quarantine (same home/dormitory) → infects people in same flat who do not require home quarantine → Those people commute to work → Infects nearby people → Coworkers / Family Members                 Transmission Flows
Infectious person (same home/dormitory) → People living in the same place (Derived from:                 Transmission Flows
Infectious People on cruise → communal ladles / shared big serving buffet spoon → next person / waiter / chef (Diamond Princess )                 Transmission Flows
Infectious Passenger (Taxi/Private car) → Sneezes/Coughs → Droplets on seats, Circulating insides the car → drivers and next passengers → Coworkers / Family Members                 Transmission Flows
Infectious Passenger (Taxi/Private car) → Cash notes → drivers and next passengers → Coworkers / Family Members |                 Transmission Flows
Community Events → Assumed Temperature Screening is Enough (Despite a known fact that fever symptom is optional) → Infectious Audience → Infects Entry point security guards and Nearby Audience → Coworkers/Family members Proof:                 Transmission Flows
Infectious visitors from high-risk countries → Flights → Airports → Hotels → Attraction Places (Famous/traditional buildings, eateries, pagodas, malls..etc) → Nearby People → Coworkers/Family members                 Transmission Flows
Infectious Coworker → Office Building → 8 hours of prolonged close contact daily → Nearby CoWorkers → Family Members                 Transmission Flows
Cash notes (Daily moving item) → Anywhere that accepts cash → Customers → Families (pocket money, passing cash to buy something) |                 Transmission Flows
Infectious Person (Religious Buildig) → Religious Leader → Everyone else                 Transmission Flows
Infectious Passenger (bus/train) → Infects nearby people → Family Members                 Transmission Flows
Customer facing professionals (Sales, Insurance, Consultants, Healthcare, Receptionist, Drivers, Flight attentents)                 People at risk
People with respiratory diseases                 People at risk
People who work at places with harsh chemicals/dusts/air pollution                 People at risk
People who smoke - Smoking harms the immune system and can make the body less successful at fighting disease - -                 People at risk
People who weak immune systems (get sick easily upon cold/flu seasons)                 People at risk
People who have just completed major operations                 People at risk
People who deal with live animals                 Transmission Factors ➼ People
People sneezing and coughing (They may accidentally do just besides you in public)                 Transmission Factors ➼ People
People from virus origin of state/city                 Transmission Factors ➼ People
People that look extremely weak or sick                 Transmission Factors ➼ People
Infectious people who prepare food nonhygienically                 Transmission Factors ➼ People
Virtually everywhere we step out from home can be infectious                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Temporarily crowded places (ie. snake-long prolonged queues at super markets, risking exposure to infectious persons nearby)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Crowded places                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Tourist attraction places                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Public toilets                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
ATM buttons                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Lift buttons                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Door knobs                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Escalator handles                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Train and Bus handles                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Airplane seats and handles                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Live animals including poultry and birds                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Equipments in shared facilities (ie. Gyms)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Crowded trains and buses                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Tables and utensils at cafeteria and office kitchen                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
general practitioner clinics (if you have to wait for more than 30 minutes sitting besides a sick person)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
hospitals (if there's no transmission control on entry)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Sewage system that allows moist to be submitted through air which then vaporizes and falls into people (source: hong kong) -                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Payment devices, terminals, and screens (both contact and contactless - your card woul touch it slightly) - Use QR payment when possible                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Cash notes (Stick to cashless when possible)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Touch screen / buttons in vending/coffee machines                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Shared utensils at office/shared apartments (Risk: Someone touch it and put it back without using it)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Dust accumulated in Keyboard (virus from your hand to there)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Shaking hands                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Shared rental apartments with people whom you can't sure of their hygiene practice; educate them                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Airbnb rental apartments (owners of airbnb short-term-stay units are probably less stringent about recording details of whom they come into contact with, as well as with disinfecting the units)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Shared utensils in Buffets menu (derived from infection incidents at Cruise -                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Haircut utensil at salons (they may not disinfect those tools like dental clinic)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Mobile Phone (Despite washing hands, you keep holding phone which will accumulate germs from everywhere you touch)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Taxi and private car hire - Risk: it's impossible to disinfect after each passenger alights - derived from                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Large-group seminars                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Hotels and eateries in hotels which are especially popular with tourists                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Message spa with therapists from virus origin of state                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Coffee shops, eateries at wet markets and hawker centres (You might be sharing seats with infectious person or queuing just behind or in front of him)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Wedding events                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
common bread clips at bakery (they can't clean clip after each person)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Sharing foods where saliva can spread (eg. Hotpot) -                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Supermarket (Fruits/Vegetables that make you select and pick items)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Place
Any unheated/undercooked/cold/raw meal (if infected chef prepares it)                 Transmission Factors ➼ Diet
When washing hand, do it properly -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Hand Sanitizer vs Soap+Water Medical Experiment (Only proper application matters) -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Light use of hand sanitizer and left-over virus count - -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Heavy use of hand sanitizer and left-over virus count - -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Light use of soap+water and left-over virus count - -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Heavy use of soap+water and left-over virus count - -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
When wearing a mask, do it properly -                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Use hand sanitizer /wash your hand before touching your face and spoon/chopstick.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Don't touch your face, eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Drying your hands is an important step in the hand-washing process, because wet hands are more likely to spread germs than dry hands.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
If you don’t have a tissue handy, sneeze into your elbow, not into your hands.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Scrubbing can damage your skin, especially if you do it often. The resulting cracks and small cuts give viruses and bacteria a place to grow.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Keep your fingernails short. Bacteria like the area under your fin-gernails. Long nails make it more difficult to keep those areas clean.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Use hand lotion. If it's too drying, cracks can develop, which may give viruses and bacteria a place to grow.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Don't rush. Take a few seconds to wash your hand completely.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Hand sanitizing gel needs to come into contact with all surfaces of your hands—back, front, in between the fingers, and so forth.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Wash cloths daily.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Immediately shower when you're back from outsides.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Use anti bacterial face wipes when itcy.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Avoid sharing foods                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Clean public, plane, office toilet seats before using.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Adjust working hours to avoid jampacked trains and buses.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Stay home from work, school, and public places whenever possible when you are sick.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Use disposable gloves when unable to wash hands frequently                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Tie your long hair before wearing mask.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Change bed sheet weekly as part of general hygiene (in case u sit down to bed without changing cloths, virus can accumulate and spread)                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Don't wear same cloths daily without washing.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Clean your mobile phone daily when back from outsides                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Mask is necessary to stop accidental breathing-in when someone just sneezes or coughs besides you in public                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Try eating only hot meals, soups if you eat out.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Educate people who you're staying with.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Avoid staying close with unknown persons during long commuting time (> 30 minutes). Change location frequently to minimize risks.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Check your vincinity for unwell people during travelling                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Use alcohol pad to clean shared utensils handle when eating out.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Maintain a distance of 6 feet from the sick person while interviewing, escorting, or providing other assistanc                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Keep interactions with sick people as brief as possible.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Clean your mobile phone, eye spectacle and backpack daily when back from outsides.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Clean your laptop keyboard and mouse frequently.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Spray all gym equipments with alcohol before using them.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Clean/spray your hands frequently while you are at public places, especially, after touching surfaces and items touched by other people                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Order foods and groceries online to minimize interactions.                 Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene
Alcohol pad                 Outer Protection ➼ Tools
Alcohol spray                 Outer Protection ➼ Tools
Instant hand sanitizer                 Outer Protection ➼ Tools
Disposable mask                 Outer Protection ➼ Tools
Disposable glove                 Outer Protection ➼ Tools
Antibacterial Fabric Spray                 Outer Protection ➼ Tools
Sleep on time and maintain sufficient enough sleep each day.                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
Exercise                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
Eat healthy - protein, fat, and complex carbohydrates from vegetables.                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
No alcohol                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
No smoking                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
Reduce stress                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
Lung health: avoid smoking, and avoid places with a lot of dust or harsh chemicals                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
If you're in Diarrhea, your immunity is weak, animal study revealed "Impacts of diarrhea on the immune system, intestinal environment, and expression of PGRPs in New Zealand rabbits" -                 Internal Defense ➼ Immunty
Supplements are not more important than hygiene and should be treated as last line.                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Vitamin D -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Mushroom -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Lactoferrin -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Colostrum -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
EpiCor -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Vitamin C -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Manuka Honey (MGO 400+, UMF 13+) -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Chlorella -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Curcumin and Echinacea -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Immune-strengthening Probiotics -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Moringa -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Beta Glucan -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Hyssop -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
iHerb Immune Collection List -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Olive leaf + Echinacea + Vitamin C -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Hyssop, Oregano, Cat’s Claw and Anise -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Immune Priobiotcs (NZ Store) -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
EGCG known to possess antiviral activities against a wide range of DNA viruses and RNA viruses -                 Inner Defense ➼ Supplements
Daily temperature screening on entries, enforced by enterprises                 Exemplary Government Measures
Disinfect public transport systems on daily basis                 Exemplary Government Measures
Enforce social distancing in all public places.                 Exemplary Government Measures
Delay and deter external flights and incoming overseas visitors.                 Exemplary Government Measures
Fact #1: Coronaviruses emerge from live or wild animal markets and ban to them is not enforced strictly.                 Concerns
Fact #2: Vaccines cannot be developed in shorter amount of time.                 Concerns
Based on #1 and #2, Coronaviruses are a permenant threat to human population under incapable governments without established emergency response plan.                 Concerns
Possible Recession                 Global Impact
Deteriorated stock market                 Global Impact
Disruption of Transport and Logistics                 Global Impact
Closure of Schools and Workplace                 Global Impact
Professional -> infected -> hospitalization (more than 60 days) -> unpaid leaves                 Global Impact
Professional -> infected -> hospitalization (more than 14 days) -> low performance rating -> low bonus                 Global Impact