“ New Treatment for the Coronavirus (COVID-19): Chloroquine - [link] ”

— Treatments

“ 2019-nCoV Visualizer - [link] ”

— News

“ 2019-nCoV consolidated world-wide news - [link] ”

— News

“ StraitTimes - [link] ”

— News

“ ChannelNewsAsia - [link] ”

— News

“ Based on current data as of 2019-02-24, SAR-COV-2 triggers serious conditions only to people with respiratory diseases and weak lung conditions due to smoking and working at places with harsh chemicals/dusts. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ nCov Virus Myths - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ 2019-nCov Info - SARS-CoV-2 - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ nCov Virus FAQ - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ 2019-nCoV Virus infectious rate comparision heat map - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Based on evidence available in China, an expert from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention has said that the currently known transmission routes of the virus are via respiratory droplets and physical contact - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Cold, dry air does result in better spread of the flu virus and human coronaviruses, which is why the influenza season typically coincides with winter every year. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Virus can spread to others even if no symptoms are shown in person with virus. [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Each time spread happens, the virus can be mutated into a stronger variation that lead to easy and rapid infection. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Breakout period of the novel coronavirus tends to be three weeks - from the onset of symptoms to developing difficulties breathing. Basically, going from mild to severe symptoms takes about a week. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ The biggest assault the virus launches is on a patient's immune system. It causes a fall in the count of lymphocytes, damage to the lungs and shortness of breath. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ If the count of lymphocytes continues to fall, it is dangerous because the virus continues to replicate. Once a patient's immune system is demolished, it is hard to save a patient. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ On how long the virus remains infective on surfaces, he said it can be transmitted so long as it remains moist. (Professor David Heymann of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - [link] ) ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ If the virus spread to countries with weaker health systems and who lack the capacity to detect and diagnose the virus, the virus can spread to the whole country, turning to nightmares immediately. ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Low temperature and high air humidity further increase virus lifespan which is up to 9 days on surfaces - [link])30046-3/fulltext ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ 7 Sneaky Viral Strategies that Hack Your Immune System - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Coronavirus vs. flu—what are the similarities and differences - [link] ”

— Virus Behaviours

“ Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, myalgia, fatigue, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. ”

— Symptoms

“ Absence of fever in 2019-nCoV cases was more frequent than in Sars and Mers infections ”

— Symptoms

“ Fever in infected situation may persist more than 3 days and above based on [link] ”

— Symptoms

“ Based on case #22 SG nCoV confirmed cases, those with good immune do not show symptoms despite tested positive for the virus. ”

— Symptoms

“ Out of 1,000 coronavirus patients in China found that the incubation period for the virus was as long as 24 days rather than the previously believed 14 days, and fewer than half of the patients showed fever symptoms - [link] ”

— Symptoms

“ Many patients in serious condition died of choking. Others died of the failure of multiple organs following complications resulting from the collapse of the immune system. ”

— Symptoms

“ Airport screenings might not catch everyone infected. That's because the incubation period can last up to 24 days. In addition, fever is just one of the symptoms. ”

— Knowledge

“ Pneumonia is an infection in lungs due to viruses or fungi, causing inflammation in the air sacs filled with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Alcohol doesn’t kill everything—bacterial spores, some protozoa, and certain viruses aren’t affected. ”

— Knowledge

“ Smaller particles in sneezing can travel as far as 200 feet away from the person who sneezed. Moreover, those germs can easily travel far enough to find their way into ventilation systems. ”

— Knowledge

“ While a facemask may be effective in blocking splashes and large-particle droplets, a facemask, by design, does not filter or block very small particles in the air that may be transmitted by coughs, sneezes or certain medical procedures.  ”

— Knowledge

“ A mask that is used to stop getting an infection is sometimes not very effective because people take it off to eat, many times they are worn improperly (and) if they get wet and somebody sneezes on that mask it could pass through ”

— Knowledge

“ Level of risk with infected person in airplane - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Respiratory illnesses are transmitted through the air. If it's in closed rooms like office that has no windows, the air may circulate through ventilation systems. ”

— Knowledge

“ Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the body's response to an infection. The body normally releases antibody chemicals into the bloodstream to fight an infection. ”

— Knowledge

“ Sepsis occurs when the body's response to these chemicals is out of balance, triggering changes that can damage multiple organ systems ”

— Knowledge

“ Elderly people with underlying conditions may develop complications; some may need machine-assisted respiration. When the body's other organs start to fail, that's when it becomes severe, ”

— Knowledge

“ There are all sorts of mild symptoms: feebleness, shortness of breath, some people have fevers, some don't. ”

— Knowledge

“ The second week is what determines whether the illness becomes critical. The third week determines whether critical illness leads to death. ”

— Knowledge

“ White blood cells are vital components of the blood. Their role is to fight infection, and they are essential for health and well-being. ”

— Knowledge

“ There are several different types of white blood cells, each with varying responsibilities ”

— Knowledge

“ If someone who is very sick sneezes or coughs, the viral load could be high. ”

— Knowledge

“ If the infection is passed by someone with a mild illness, much like the common cold, the viral load would be low. But if the person getting infected has other medical conditions, he could still get seriously ill even with a low viral load, ”

— Knowledge

“ As to whether someone who recovers can get the infection again, it's not clear how long the antibodies last, but there is no lifelong immunity for coronavirus infections. ”

— Knowledge

“ Abundance of bacteria in office building - Studies of office building air have detected as many as 106 bacteria per cubic meter, and the constant influx of microbes - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Hazy weather conditions increase the risk of respiratory infection - [link])00173-4/fulltext ”

— Knowledge

“ As used face masks may carry germs involving the coronavirus, they shouldn't be randomly discarded as waste. ”

— Knowledge

“ SARS is more fatal; killing as many as 10% of those infected, but is only infectious once symptoms show ”

— Knowledge

“ Studies have shown that each of us touches our face once in every two minutes on average, and that's how one gets it, ”

— Knowledge

“ Viruses vs. Bacteria - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Corona Virus Info - [link] - [link] - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ What is a virus? How do viruses work? - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ How A Virus Invades Your Body - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ How pandemics spread - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ What the bacteria on your hands looks like under a microscope - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Dr. Berg's Opinion on the Coronavirus - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Why You Can Not Kill a Virus - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Make Your Immune System Bulletproof - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ What Makes You Immune-compromised? - [link] ”

— Knowledge

“ Immediate - if you accidentally happen to breathe in sneezed or cough droplets from an infected person in public who do it just besides you without you having time to escape ”

— Exposure Time Windows

“ 30-45 minutes - Yong Thai Hang, the Chinese health products shop in Lavender (Feb 5,2020 - Singapore) ”

— Exposure Time Windows

“ 30-45 minutes - Taxi/Private Hire Drivers (Feb 8,2020 - Singapore) ”

— Exposure Time Windows

“ 8 - hours - A business meeting at Grand Hyatt Singapore that has been linked to several novel coronavirus cases in South Korea and Malaysia was attended by 109 participants, said the Ministry of Health (MOH) on Wednesday (Feb 5,2020 - Singapore) ”

— Exposure Time Windows

“ 3-5 days - Five Britons in French ski resort chalet staying together with a man from Singapore (Feb 8, 2020 - France) ”

— Exposure Time Windows

“ Infectious Person in Public (Shopping Mall/MRT/Buses/Office...etc) → Coughs/Sneezes → People within 6 feet → Coworkers / Family Members ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious People on 14-days of home quarantine (same home/dormitory) → infects people in same flat who do not require home quarantine → Those people commute to work → Infects nearby people → Coworkers / Family Members ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious person (same home/dormitory) → People living in the same place (Derived from: [link]) ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious People on cruise → communal ladles / shared big serving buffet spoon → next person / waiter / chef (Diamond Princess [link] ) ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious Passenger (Taxi/Private car) → Sneezes/Coughs → Droplets on seats, Circulating insides the car → drivers and next passengers → Coworkers / Family Members ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious Passenger (Taxi/Private car) → Cash notes → drivers and next passengers → Coworkers / Family Members | [link] ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Community Events → Assumed Temperature Screening is Enough (Despite a known fact that fever symptom is optional) → Infectious Audience → Infects Entry point security guards and Nearby Audience → Coworkers/Family members Proof: [link] ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious visitors from high-risk countries → Flights → Airports → Hotels → Attraction Places (Famous/traditional buildings, eateries, pagodas, malls..etc) → Nearby People → Coworkers/Family members ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious Coworker → Office Building → 8 hours of prolonged close contact daily → Nearby CoWorkers → Family Members ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Cash notes (Daily moving item) → Anywhere that accepts cash → Customers → Families (pocket money, passing cash to buy something) | [link] ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious Person (Religious Buildig) → Religious Leader → Everyone else ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Infectious Passenger (bus/train) → Infects nearby people → Family Members ”

— Transmission Flows

“ Customer facing professionals (Sales, Insurance, Consultants, Healthcare, Receptionist, Drivers, Flight attentents) ”

— People at risk

“ People with respiratory diseases ”

— People at risk

“ People who work at places with harsh chemicals/dusts/air pollution ”

— People at risk

“ People who smoke - Smoking harms the immune system and can make the body less successful at fighting disease - [link] - [link] ”

— People at risk

“ People who weak immune systems (get sick easily upon cold/flu seasons) ”

— People at risk

“ People who have just completed major operations ”

— People at risk

“ People who deal with live animals ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ People

“ People sneezing and coughing (They may accidentally do just besides you in public) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ People

“ People from virus origin of state/city ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ People

“ People that look extremely weak or sick ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ People

“ Infectious people who prepare food nonhygienically ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ People

“ Virtually everywhere we step out from home can be infectious ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Temporarily crowded places (ie. snake-long prolonged queues at super markets, risking exposure to infectious persons nearby) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Crowded places ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Tourist attraction places ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Public toilets ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ ATM buttons ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Lift buttons ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Door knobs ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Escalator handles ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Train and Bus handles ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Airplane seats and handles ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Live animals including poultry and birds ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Equipments in shared facilities (ie. Gyms) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Crowded trains and buses ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Tables and utensils at cafeteria and office kitchen ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ general practitioner clinics (if you have to wait for more than 30 minutes sitting besides a sick person) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ hospitals (if there's no transmission control on entry) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Sewage system that allows moist to be submitted through air which then vaporizes and falls into people (source: hong kong) - [link] ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Payment devices, terminals, and screens (both contact and contactless - your card woul touch it slightly) - Use QR payment when possible ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Cash notes (Stick to cashless when possible) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Touch screen / buttons in vending/coffee machines ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Shared utensils at office/shared apartments (Risk: Someone touch it and put it back without using it) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Dust accumulated in Keyboard (virus from your hand to there) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Shaking hands ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Shared rental apartments with people whom you can't sure of their hygiene practice; educate them ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Airbnb rental apartments (owners of airbnb short-term-stay units are probably less stringent about recording details of whom they come into contact with, as well as with disinfecting the units) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Shared utensils in Buffets menu (derived from infection incidents at Cruise - [link])#2019-nCoV_cases) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Haircut utensil at salons (they may not disinfect those tools like dental clinic) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Mobile Phone (Despite washing hands, you keep holding phone which will accumulate germs from everywhere you touch) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Taxi and private car hire - Risk: it's impossible to disinfect after each passenger alights - derived from [link] ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Large-group seminars ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Hotels and eateries in hotels which are especially popular with tourists ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Message spa with therapists from virus origin of state ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Coffee shops, eateries at wet markets and hawker centres (You might be sharing seats with infectious person or queuing just behind or in front of him) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Wedding events ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ common bread clips at bakery (they can't clean clip after each person) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Sharing foods where saliva can spread (eg. Hotpot) - [link] ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Supermarket (Fruits/Vegetables that make you select and pick items) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Place

“ Any unheated/undercooked/cold/raw meal (if infected chef prepares it) ”

— Transmission Factors ➼ Diet

“ When washing hand, do it properly - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Hand Sanitizer vs Soap+Water Medical Experiment (Only proper application matters) - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Light use of hand sanitizer and left-over virus count - [link] - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Heavy use of hand sanitizer and left-over virus count - [link] - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Light use of soap+water and left-over virus count - [link] - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Heavy use of soap+water and left-over virus count - [link] - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ When wearing a mask, do it properly - [link] ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Use hand sanitizer /wash your hand before touching your face and spoon/chopstick. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Don't touch your face, eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Drying your hands is an important step in the hand-washing process, because wet hands are more likely to spread germs than dry hands. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ If you don’t have a tissue handy, sneeze into your elbow, not into your hands. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Scrubbing can damage your skin, especially if you do it often. The resulting cracks and small cuts give viruses and bacteria a place to grow. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Keep your fingernails short. Bacteria like the area under your fin-gernails. Long nails make it more difficult to keep those areas clean. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Use hand lotion. If it's too drying, cracks can develop, which may give viruses and bacteria a place to grow. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Don't rush. Take a few seconds to wash your hand completely. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Hand sanitizing gel needs to come into contact with all surfaces of your hands—back, front, in between the fingers, and so forth. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Wash cloths daily. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Immediately shower when you're back from outsides. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Use anti bacterial face wipes when itcy. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Avoid sharing foods ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Clean public, plane, office toilet seats before using. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Adjust working hours to avoid jampacked trains and buses. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Stay home from work, school, and public places whenever possible when you are sick. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Use disposable gloves when unable to wash hands frequently ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Tie your long hair before wearing mask. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Change bed sheet weekly as part of general hygiene (in case u sit down to bed without changing cloths, virus can accumulate and spread) ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Don't wear same cloths daily without washing. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Clean your mobile phone daily when back from outsides ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Mask is necessary to stop accidental breathing-in when someone just sneezes or coughs besides you in public ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Try eating only hot meals, soups if you eat out. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Educate people who you're staying with. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Avoid staying close with unknown persons during long commuting time (> 30 minutes). Change location frequently to minimize risks. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Check your vincinity for unwell people during travelling ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Use alcohol pad to clean shared utensils handle when eating out. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Maintain a distance of 6 feet from the sick person while interviewing, escorting, or providing other assistanc ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Keep interactions with sick people as brief as possible. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Clean your mobile phone, eye spectacle and backpack daily when back from outsides. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Clean your laptop keyboard and mouse frequently. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Spray all gym equipments with alcohol before using them. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Clean/spray your hands frequently while you are at public places, especially, after touching surfaces and items touched by other people ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Order foods and groceries online to minimize interactions. ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Hygiene

“ Alcohol pad ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Tools

“ Alcohol spray ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Tools

“ Instant hand sanitizer ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Tools

“ Disposable mask ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Tools

“ Disposable glove ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Tools

“ Antibacterial Fabric Spray ”

— Outer Protection ➼ Tools

“ Sleep on time and maintain sufficient enough sleep each day. ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ Exercise ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ Eat healthy - protein, fat, and complex carbohydrates from vegetables. ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ No alcohol ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ No smoking ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ Reduce stress ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ Lung health: avoid smoking, and avoid places with a lot of dust or harsh chemicals ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ If you're in Diarrhea, your immunity is weak, animal study revealed "Impacts of diarrhea on the immune system, intestinal environment, and expression of PGRPs in New Zealand rabbits" - [link] ”

— Internal Defense ➼ Immunty

“ Supplements are not more important than hygiene and should be treated as last line. ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Vitamin D - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Mushroom - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Lactoferrin - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Colostrum - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ EpiCor - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Vitamin C - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Manuka Honey (MGO 400+, UMF 13+) - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Chlorella - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Curcumin and Echinacea - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Immune-strengthening Probiotics - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Moringa - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Beta Glucan - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Hyssop - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ iHerb Immune Collection List - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Olive leaf + Echinacea + Vitamin C - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Hyssop, Oregano, Cat’s Claw and Anise - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Immune Priobiotcs (NZ Store) - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ EGCG known to possess antiviral activities against a wide range of DNA viruses and RNA viruses - [link] ”

— Inner Defense ➼ Supplements

“ Daily temperature screening on entries, enforced by enterprises ”

— Exemplary Government Measures

“ Disinfect public transport systems on daily basis ”

— Exemplary Government Measures

“ Enforce social distancing in all public places. ”

— Exemplary Government Measures

“ Delay and deter external flights and incoming overseas visitors. ”

— Exemplary Government Measures

“ Fact #1: Coronaviruses emerge from live or wild animal markets and ban to them is not enforced strictly. ”

— Concerns

“ Fact #2: Vaccines cannot be developed in shorter amount of time. ”

— Concerns

“ Based on #1 and #2, Coronaviruses are a permenant threat to human population under incapable governments without established emergency response plan. ”

— Concerns

“ Possible Recession ”

— Global Impact

“ Deteriorated stock market ”

— Global Impact

“ Disruption of Transport and Logistics ”

— Global Impact

“ Closure of Schools and Workplace ”

— Global Impact

“ Professional -> infected -> hospitalization (more than 60 days) -> unpaid leaves ”

— Global Impact

“ Professional -> infected -> hospitalization (more than 14 days) -> low performance rating -> low bonus ”

— Global Impact